If you’ve dabbled in the cannabis industry at all, you’ve heard of cannabinoids, those vital chemical compounds found in every cannabis strain, which fit like little puzzle pieces throughout the body’s endocannabioid system to tackle an extensive list of medical symptoms and conditions.
Terpenes are another type of compound found in cannabis, and like cannabinoids, these compounds have incredible potential that researchers and scientists are only just beginning to unlock. So, what are they?
More than just scent-makers.
If you’ve come across the term “terpenes” briefly, they have probably been described as oils that offer cannabis strains their unique scents, such as the “fuel” smell of strains like Diesel, or the “blueberry” scent of that strain of the same name. But terpenes are capable of much more than simply attracting or repelling our desire for a certain strain.
Terpenes are excreted from the surface of the flowers and sugar leaves of the cannabis plant, through the glands that produce that resin so useful for pain relief and relaxation. The glands are called trichomes.
Like cannabinoids, terpenes have the ability to bind to receptors in our brains, and this interaction results in effects determined by the specific terpene. Recently, research has begun dabbling in the potency of terpenes in cannabis strains, but just the strength of a certain scent can give you an idea.
Terpenes are everywhere.
Did you know cannabinoids can be found in other plants, such as rosemary, liverwort, and maca? It’s true, and the same goes for terpenes, but these little guys crop up in many – many – other plants, herbs and fruits.
That pine-y smell in coniferous trees? That’s one. The citrus scent of oranges and lemons? Another.
What’s in a name?
Like the more than 80 different cannabinoids unique to cannabis, terpenes come with their own fancy names. Some with the most common associated scents are:
Terpenes play medical hardball, too.
Everyone knows THC and CBD, the two most prevalent cannabinoids, are amazing medical powerhouses, but they don’t work all alone. Along with dozens of other cannabinoids, these two compounds play nicely with each strain’s terpenes to produce outstanding benefits. Looking again at four of the most common terpenes:
- Pinene is useful for stopping inflammation and can help with memory retention (think Alzheimer’s!).
- Linalool has a calming effect, and can tackle insomnia, stress, pain, and anxiety.
- Myrcene is also relaxing, and in addition to being antiseptic, anti-bacterial, and antifungal, it can heighten the “high” effect of THC.
- Limonene elevates the mood, and relieves stress. It can serve as an anti-depressant and treat gastric disorders.
So, what do you think? Maybe next time you explore the best cannabis seed strains for your individual symptoms, you’ll take terpene content into consideration. As research continues, more and more information is certain to become available about these compounds and their amazing medical promise!
This blog contains plenty of helpful info sourced from: