Weed Terpenes | Growers Choice Seeds

Weed Terpenes

Definition of Terpenes

Does your favorite cannabis strain have a distinct aroma? Perhaps you love the earthy aroma of Durban Poison. Or maybe, you’re a longtime fan of Lemon Haze’s bright, citrus notes. No matter your personal tastes, one thing holds true: Any strain’s aroma and flavor is highly influenced by a special chemical compound that is known as a “terpene,” which is also found in other plant life and not just cannabis. 

So, just how important are terpenes? And what role, specifically, do they play? At Growers Choice we believe education is a highly effective tool for having the most positive and enriching cannabis experience possible. Below, we’ll shed some light on the characteristics and benefits of these cannabis compounds, as well as what to consider when researching seeds to purchase.

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New to home growing? These strains are beginner-friendly.
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What are Weed Terpenes?

Terpenes are a group of chemical compounds—more specifically—hydrocarbons—that are believed to contribute to both the recreational and therapeutic properties of many cannabis strains.

They are responsible for the scent and taste of cannabis plants. Yet in addition to their appealing aromas, terpenes also have a number of potential benefits. In fact, they can influence us both physically and mentally. As recognition of these compounds continues to become more widespread, the cannabis industry has picked up on the buzz, and has begun developing a broader variety of terpene-rich products. These include terpene tonics, terpene-infused chews, and others.

Types of Weed Terpenes

While there are over 100-400 different kinds of terpenes, the ones that most prominently impact the aromas of cannabis strains and appear most widely are: 

  • β-Carophyllene/Beta-caryophyllene
  • Pinene
  • Myrcene
  • Terpinolene
  • Limonene
  • β-Ocimene

The above terpenes impact the flavor, scent, and even hue of different types of plants. 

Common Terpene Profiles in Cannabis Strains

The benefits of terpenes extend beyond their pleasant aromas and tastes. Below, is a brief list of terpenes found in cannabis, as well as their respective aromas and properties. While this is not a comprehensive list, the following are some of the most abundant compounds in many marijuana strains. 

Primary Terpenes

  • Beta-caryophyllene: Found in rosemary, basil, cloves, broccoli, and more, beta-caryophyllene is known for its ability to reduce stress. This terpene is also found in allspice and black pepper. One of the single most abundant types of terpene found in the cannabis plant, its aroma evokes notes of wood, pepper, and spice.
  • Pinene: This terpene can help improve lucidity and memory and has a distinctive aroma reminiscent of pine trees, rosemary, and coniferous forests. 
  • Myrcene: Forest-like, earthy, and with hints of citrus, myrcene has a distinct scent and is found in mangoes, basil, thyme, bay leaves, and lemongrass. It is known for its delicate sedative properties, soothing effects, and ability to help promote sleep.
  • Limonene: Another abundant terpene in cannabis, limonene is distinctly citrus-like and bright. It is found in fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, as well as peppermint, spearmint, and juniper.

Secondary Terpenes

Other cannabis terpenes that tend to be less prominent, but are noteworthy in their own right, include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Phytol
  • Eucalyptol
  • Borneol
  • Humulene

The combinations of terpenes—both primary and secondary—are unique in each strain of cannabis, and in turn, responsible for each plant’s distinct aromatic blend and benefits. 

Major and minor cannabinoids

Cannabinoids work alongside terpenes and are another major component in each strain’s qualities and effects.

Major cannabinoids include: 

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): The effects of THC are perhaps the most famous characteristics associated with cannabis. They include euphoria, a more vivid perception of sounds and colors, reduced inhibitions, and even hallucinations. 
  • Cannabidiol  (CBD): Known for easing stress and producing a soothing feeling. 
  • Cannabigerol  (CBG): May uplift the mood and soothe stress.

Minor cannabinoids include: 

  • Cannabinol (CBN): Sometimes referred to as the weaker version of THC, this minor cannabinoid is known to help promote sleep. 
  • Cannabichromene (CBC): Reported to have modest anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv): This non-psychoactive cannabinoid is reported to help increase satiety and improve glycemic control.

The Effects of Weed Terpenes on the Human Body

As touched upon above, various cannabis terpenes have different impacts on the human body. Beta-caryophyllene is not only bold and earthy, but is also useful in helping relieve stress. Pinene promotes relaxation and also helps enhance memory. Myrcene is highly relaxing and is known to promote sleep. Finally, limonene is also excellent for stress relief. 

cannabis plant
Browse our selection of terpene-rich feminized strains
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How Can I Grow My Own Terpene-Rich Cannabis?

If you live in an area where home growing is permitted, we recommend researching online seed banks and purchasing high-quality seeds. Whether you’re a seasoned expert or have only just had your interest in home growing piqued, one element of the growing process never changes: It’s key to begin with premium seeds. 

A good seed bank should have the following qualities:

A wide array of strains with various terpenes: If you’re unsure which terpene profiles you enjoy most, your best bet is to simply try different strains and see which varieties you like best. You may find that you prefer the pungent, earthy notes of myrcene-rich strains, or that you prefer the refreshing, citrus taste of strains prominent in limonene. Regardless of your personal tastes, finding a bank with a wide selection of premium seeds is one of the most reliable ways to pinpoint your favorite strain. 

Detailed product descriptions: Growers Choice places as strong an emphasis on education as it does on high-quality seeds. As such, each and every strain is accompanied by an in-depth description of effects, growing properties, indica to sativa ratio, aroma profile, and yes—the strain’s aroma and taste profile. There are also several helpful how-to guides and informational articles available to experts and newbies alike across the Growers Choice website.

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Advice and guides for home-growing cannabis
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How Do Different Strains Produce Different Effects?

Because different strains of marijuana contain different terpenes and cannabinoids, they will produce different effects as a result of their distinct profiles. The amount of THC, CBD, as well as a variety of terpenes, will all play an individual role in the unique effects, scent, and properties of each plant. While every strain will be influenced by these compounds, we’ve highlighted several popular varieties below, and shed some light on their respective terpene-rich benefits, and aroma profiles: 

Quantum Kush Auto-Flowering Feminized Seeds

The terpenes found in this strain are responsible for its citrus, sweet, and woody scent. Most prominently, it contains caryophyllene, myrcene, and limonene. A sativa-dominant hybrid, it contains 25% indica and 75% sativa genetics, and primarily produces feelings of euphoria, happiness, and a general uplifted mood.

Pink Kush Feminized Seeds

This strain contains a generous amount of THC at 21% and is adored by many for its fragrant, floral scent. A vanilla-rich, sugary treat, we have the terpenes limonene, linalool, and caryophyllene to thank for this plant’s distinct taste and aroma. It also boasts somewhat generous yields averaging up to 500 grams per square meter indoors, and up to 700 grams per plant outdoors. In general, this strain promotes feelings of happiness, relaxation, and maybe even a touch of sleepiness.

Super Silver Haze Feminized Seeds

Spicy, sweet, and citrusy, the Super Silver Haze strain contains myrcene most prominently, as well as caryophyllene and limonene. A three-time High Times Cannabis Cup award winner, this strain is often referred to as a “super-strain” and a “one-hit-quitter.” Its effects are known to be quite long-lasting, and provide a substantial boost in energy. As such, it is best suited to days when you’d like to be energized and productive with a touch of drive and euphoria. 

Lemon OG Kush Feminized Seeds

This strain contains caryophyllene, as well as myrcene and limonene. A high-yielding strain, this variety is a timeless fan-favorite. Its aroma profile contains prominent notes of citrus, earth, and spice, while its effects tend to promote euphoria, happiness, and relaxation. With a THC content of 22%, this strain averages yields of up to 450 grams per square meter indoors, and up to 1,000 grams per plant outdoors.

Amnesia Haze Feminized Seeds

Amnesia Haze’s earthy scent is thanks to the terpenes myrcene, caryophyllene, and limonene. With 90% sativa genetics, it is known to spark creative pursuits and improve mood while simultaneously alleviating stress. It has a THC content of 20% and is suitable for both indoor and outdoor home growers. Ideal for consumers who would like to enhance their energy levels, it averages 600-650 grams per square meter indoors, and 650-700 grams per plant outdoors.

 

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