What Plants Contain Cannabinoids | Growers Choice Seeds

What Plants Contain Cannabinoids

Cannabis plants have been used by humans for thousands of years for both recreational and therapeutic purposes. Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds that are present in the cannabis plant and responsible for many of its appealing effects. Read on to learn more about the plant science, research, and study of these chemical substances and how they work within the human body.

Where Are Cannabinoids Found In Nature?

Cannabinoids are most famously associated with marijuana, but did you know they’re actually present in a number of other plants as well? These include echinacea, hemp, black pepper, rhododendron, and acmella oleracea—to name a few. However, many plants containing cannabinoids are not consumable by humans. Cannabis, on the other hand, is a highly versatile plant that has been used for thousands of years for a variety of purposes. Its cannabinoids, specifically, are one of its most attractive qualities. The effects of cannabinoids can be experienced by consuming cannabis—whether by smoking dried cannabis flowers, or oral administration such as tinctures or edibles. Cannabinoids underpin the unique effects of many plant and fungus species—yet research and the plant science community are still discovering more about their specific qualities and applications. 

Types Of Cannabinoids Found In Cannabis

While THC is by far the most famous cannabinoid in North America and across the globe, did you know there are actually a number of other different cannabinoids present within cannabis plants? Below, we provide a brief explanation of some of the major and minor cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. 

Major And Minor Cannabinoids

Plant cannabinoids work alongside terpenes and are another major component in each strain’s qualities and effects. To better understand the differences between these compounds, it is also important to know the differences between the terms psychoactive and psychotropic. The term “psychotropic” refers specifically to the effects a substance has on an individual’s psychological state and cognitive functions. “Psychoactive,” on the other hand, simply refers to any substances that pass the blood-brain barrier and, while they may produce an impact on perception or behavior, do not produce mind-altering effects significant enough to be considered psychotropic. For example, caffeine and nicotine are considered to be psychoactive substances—but not psychotropic. 

Major cannabinoids include:

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): The psychotropic effects of this cannabinoid type are perhaps the most famous characteristics associated with cannabis. They include pronounced, mood and mind-altering effects such as euphoria, a more vivid perception of sounds and colors, reduced inhibitions, and even hallucinations.
  • Cannabidiol (CBD): Known for producing a general soothing feeling. These psychoactive effects impact an individual’s psychological state and cognitive  While CBD is considered to be psychoactive, it does not produce the mind-altering effects of THC and is therefore not psychotropic.
  • Cannabigerol (CBG): May uplift and brighten the mood.

Human Body & Endogenous Endocannabinoid System

We each have a biological system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system contains neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors—also known as CBRs, as well as cannabinoid receptor proteins. While this system is still undergoing preliminary research, it is believed it may help regulate certain physiological and cognitive processes.

Endocannabinoid Receptors

Research has currently identified two different endocannabinoid receptors within the human body: CB1 receptors are located in the brain, nervous system. and peripheral organs and tissues. CB2 receptors are not as widespread throughout the body and are found in certain immune cells and neurons. More information on CB2 and CB1 receptors can be found here.

Trichomes

Trichomes are outgrowths on plants such as hairs, scales, and papillae. Glandular trichomes, specifically, are found in about a third of plants. Their purpose is to secrete metabolites such as terpenoids, flavonoids, and more. These metabolites support functions in the plant such as growth, defense, stress response, and others. Non-glandular trichomes, on the other hand, provide structural support and protection for the plant and help defend it against stressors such as high temperature, UV radiation, and water loss.

sativa cannabis plant
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Cannabis Sativa L 

 Cannabis sativa L is an herbaceous species originally from Central Asia. Colloquially referred to as “cannabis sativa,” “C. sativa,” or simply, “sativa”—it has been used since ancient times. Over the course of hundreds of years, it has gained widespread popularity and distribution throughout North America and the rest of the globe. Sativa means “sown,” while the ‘L’ refers to Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist who provided cannabis sativa with its scientific classification in 1753.

Acmella Oleracea

Many of us associate the term “cannabinoid” with marijuana. But did you know cannabinoids are also present in other members of the plant kingdom as well? 

Electric Daisy flowers are both a good source of vitamins A, C, and K—however, because this plant is toxic, its flowers are only consumed in very small amounts—and primarily for herbal purposes. They can have a numbing effect on the mouth—hence their moniker the “toothache plant.” Electric Daisy extracts are also sometimes used for skincare purposes. 

single green cannabis leaf
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Sativa And Sativa-Dominant Strains

Panama Red Feminized Seeds

As a sativa-dominant hybrid, Panama Red seeds produce plants that produce uplifting, energizing effects and enhance mental acuity. This classic strain is known for inspiring creativity and sparking social connections. Its cerebrally stimulating properties make it a suitable choice for gatherings with friends or an afternoon spent pursuing creative projects.

White Widow Auto-Flowering Feminized Seeds 

A balanced hybrid, this strain is a tried-and-true classic with enduring popularity. This strain boasts beautiful, resin-covered flowers and a 50 percent indica, 40 percent sativa, and 10 percent ruderalis genetic breakdown. Its cannabinoid profile contains a substantial THC content of 26 percent. As such, beginners may want to start slowly to avoid any potential adverse effects. White Widow seeds are also known to grow into plants that possess an intensely fruity aroma accented by spicy, pungent undertones and finished with a hint of citrus. Indoor growers take note: While White Widow’s scent is appealing to many, it is also very potent—so you may want to insulate your growing space.

Tangerine Dream Auto-Flowering Feminized Seeds

These feminized seeds not only provide the benefit of producing only female plants but once matured, provide a head rush that can improve your mood and energy levels. Depending on the individual, you may feel happy, lazy—even gleeful—or intensely creative and productive. These weed seeds are the auto-flowering version of a sativa-dominant plant bred in Amsterdam.

A sativa-dominant strain, Tangerine Dream seeds will flourish with appropriate care. This plant will develop large, dense buds dusted with a substantial amount of resin and trichomes. Better suited to more experienced cannabis enthusiasts, this strain will spark a strong body high when consumed in larger doses.

Durban Poison Feminized Seeds

This potent strain packs a punch of energy along with spicy, sweet aromas and hints of pine. With a flowering time of 55-65 days, it carries a moderate THC content of 23% and low CBD levels of less than 2%. Its climate preferences are warm, sunny environments and for those looking to grow, Durban Poison comes in both the autoflowering and feminized variety.

Orange Crush Feminized Seeds

This near-pure sativa is tasty, fragrant, and exudes a refreshing orange scent. The offspring of parent strains California Orange and Blueberry, it is best known for their intense cerebral effects. Fans of this strain often experience a burst of joy-infused lucidity. This strain’s cannabinoid profile includes a moderate 18% level of THC. Orange Crush plants are also known for their pronounced impact on. creativity; as such, this strain is preferred by those who are seeking artistic motivation or simply want to approach their projects with enhanced zeal and innovation. 

External References

  1. Hash Marihuana and Hemp Museum. (2014). Cannabis Sativa L. Retrieved from the HMHM website.
  2. National Library of Medicine. (2008). Cannabinoid Receptors. Retrieved from the National Library of Medicine website.

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