The cannabis scene in Lubbock is complex, ranging from restrictive laws to unique agricultural challenges brought on by the local climate. Even within these constraints, there are opportunities for medical relief, agricultural development, and potentially, future legislative change. Read on to find out more about cultivating cannabis in Lubbock and where to get the best, high-quality cannabis seeds from.
The Big, Beautiful World of Cannabis
Marijuana has a plethora of benefits to offer the world! Below, we discuss what this gorgeous plant is and how consumers and cultivators can soak every last drop of joy out of it.
Definition of Marijuana
Cannabis belongs to the family of flowering plants called Cannabaceae. The plant has two major species often discussed in the medicinal and recreational context: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. At a molecular level, the active compounds in cannabis are known as cannabinoids, the most prominent of which are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the psychoactive component that induces experiences of euphoria, while CBD is the non-psychoactive component and is often lauded for its therapeutic benefits. Beyond cannabinoids, terpenes are organic compounds responsible for the flavors and scents of cannabis.
Marijuana’s Effects on the Body
Marijuana primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), the system that contributes to regulating mood, pain, sleep, appetite, and other physiological processes. THC’s psychoactive effects manifest by binding to CB1 receptors, mainly found in the brain, altering neurotransmitter release. CBD influences CB2 receptors, which are prevalent in the immune system, and impact inflammation and pain.
In terms of psychoactive effects, THC induces sensations like euphoria, increased sensory perception, an uplifted mood, and relaxation. However, it can also result in less desirable effects like paranoia, anxiety, or impaired cognitive function, depending on the individual and dosage.
Medicinally, cannabis has a broad range of applications, from anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects to antipsychotic and anticonvulsant properties. It is employed in treating many different medical conditions.
History and Laws of Cannabis in Texas
Lubbock, as well as the entire state of Texas, has a complicated relationship with marijuana, but it appears that the state is pushing for a more progressive stance on its current cannabis regulations.
History of Marijuana in Lubbock
Cannabis history in Lubbock, Texas, is tied to the broader context of Texas marijuana laws, which have historically been quite stringent. While several U.S. states have taken steps to decriminalize or even legalize recreational and medicinal cannabis, Texas has been slower to adapt. Lubbock mirrors the state law, where medical marijuana is legalized but under extremely strict conditions.
Marijuana is accessible to medical marijuana patients with specific ailments, and a medical marijuana card must be accessed via a physician.
Why is Marijuana Still Illegal in Texas?
Marijuana remains illegal in Texas largely due to a combination of historical, cultural, and political factors. The state has a conservative-leaning political landscape where traditional views on law and order often dominate legislative considerations. Votes against marijuana legalization often come from politicians who argue that cannabis is a “gateway drug” that leads to the use of harder substances, despite the absence of scientific evidence supporting this claim.
Comparatively, Texas marijuana laws are stricter than those in states like Colorado, Washington, or even neighboring New Mexico, where recreational marijuana is legal. As of now, medical marijuana in Texas is limited to low-THC cannabis for a very narrow set of medical conditions.
Current Marijuana Laws in Texas
The Texas House of Representatives approved House Bill 218, which was aimed at decriminalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana. This legislation is a monumental shift, as it reclassifies possession of up to one ounce of marijuana as a Class C misdemeanor. This eliminates the threat of arrest for such offenses, making them citable and punishable by a fine of up to $500.
For possession between one to two ounces of marijuana, the penalty is reduced to a Class B misdemeanor, still avoiding arrest. Further promising changes were expected in House Bill 3652, which would allow recreational use, possession, and transportation of up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis for adults 21 and older. This bill also contains clauses for the expungement of past convictions and lays down the roadmap for a taxed and regulated commercial marijuana industry.
Even if a patient possesses a medical marijuana card in Texas, cultivating marijuana plants remains illegal. The current regulations make no concessions for patients to grow their plants; instead, they must rely on approved medical dispensaries to acquire medical marijuana.
Medical Cannabis Patients in Lubbock
Although Texas is strict, it is by no means the most strict of the U.S. states, as it offers a medical marijuana program, albeit limited and restrictive, to residents who are in need and who qualify.
Qualifying Conditions for Medical Marijuana Use
To obtain a medical marijuana card in Lubbock, patients must receive a recommendation from a licensed healthcare practitioner. Once the recommendation is made, patients can apply for a medical marijuana card through the state.
Once a patient obtains a medical marijuana card, they are restricted in terms of the type and amount of cannabis they can purchase. In Texas, this usually involves low-THC cannabis oils, tinctures, or other non-smokable forms of the substance. The quantity is often defined by the prescribing physician and aligns with the state’s tight control over medical marijuana.
Availability and Accessibility for Medical Patients
Due to the restrictive laws, the availability and accessibility of medical cannabis in Lubbock are limited. Patients are usually directed towards specific dispensaries that are licensed to sell medical cannabis products, although the options in Lubbock appear to be sparse.
While it’s illegal for medical users to grow their own plants, the digital marketplace offers an alternative. There are several online cannabis seed banks, such as ILoveGrowingMarijuana, Seedsman, Pacific Seed Bank, Growers Choice, and Crop King Seeds, that provide a range of cannabis seeds designed for different growing conditions and medical needs. These companies often offer discreet shipping and packaging options.
While buying seeds online is often straightforward, it is not without its risks, especially given the legal environment. Law enforcement agencies could potentially trace such purchases. Various strategies, like the use of VPNs or paying through untraceable methods, can mitigate this risk. Growing cannabis indoors, allows cannabis cultivators to employ carbon filters that can be used to control the odor of the plants. Aside from this, the usual adage, “out of sight, out of mind”, can ring true when attempting to evade the legal eye.
Benefits for Patients with Debilitating Conditions
Cannabis contains several cannabinoids, the most well-known of which are THC and CBD. These compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, influencing neurotransmitters and receptors involved in pain perception, mood, and other physiological processes. Specifically, THC acts on the CB1 receptor, which influences neurological functions, while CBD acts on the CB2 receptor, impacting immunological functions. These interactions contribute to the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of cannabis.
In Texas, medical dispensaries primarily offer oils, tinctures, and capsules as the state restricts smokable forms of cannabis. These formats allow for easier dosage control.
Cannabis Seed Cultivation in Lubbock
Whether you opt for the legal growth of hemp seeds, or would rather cultivate, which is illegal, we’ve got a few tips and tricks for you!
AgriLife Extension Resources for Hemp Growers
AgriLife Extension, an educational outreach arm of Texas A&M University, provides an invaluable set of resources for hemp growers. They offer evidence-based information on sustainable farming practices, pest management, and soil health, among other topics. Events like the Texas Hemp Growers Association’s Hemp Field Day provide forums for learning about farming techniques and the latest research in the field. These events often discuss hemp varieties that are suited for fiber and grain production, two lucrative aspects of hemp cultivation that could complement existing agricultural mainstays like cotton in the southern U.S.
Industrial hemp presents an eco-friendly alternative to many materials. It can be processed into paper, clothing, biofuels, and a material similar to concrete, called hempcrete. Hemp’s low requirement for pesticides and its relatively short growth cycle make it an environmentally sustainable option.
How to Adapt to Hot Summers
Lubbock’s climate, characterized by hot summers, presents unique challenges to cannabis growers. The elevated temperatures can lead to increased transpiration rates, resulting in water stress for the plant. High heat can also facilitate the onset of various diseases and pests, as the plants become more susceptible to pathogens in stressed conditions.
Given these climatic challenges, indoor growing becomes a particularly viable option for marijuana growers. Hydroponic setups, which involve growing plants in nutrient solutions without soil, can offer precise control over temperature, nutrient levels, and water availability. These controlled environments can mitigate the stressors that outdoor cannabis plants would face in Lubbock’s scorching summers.
Certain strains, such as Durban Poison or Cinderella 99, have shown resilience in warmer climates. These strains typically originate from hot regions and have been genetically adapted to perform well under thermal stress.
Why Lubbock loves Growers Choice
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